Originally named Te Kawau tu maro Meaning "the cormorant that stands sentinel"
10 percent of Kawau Island is part of the Hauraki Gulf Maritime Park. Copper and Manganese were discovered on Kawau in the early 1840s and mined 1844-51 and 1854-55 with an island population of over 300 people. Reminders of this age can be seen at South Cove with the prominent pump house chimney and several old shafts. Ore was mined from below water level out under the bay and water seepage was a major problem requiring constant pumping.
Kawau Island was purchased by Sir George Grey in 1862 who began the upgrade and enlargement of Mansion House as his private residence during his role as Governor of New Zealand. In 1888 the island was sold and during 1906 was subdivided. Mansion house had a succession of owners but in 1977 it was purchased by the Hauraki Gulf Maritime Park. The Mansion House has now been restored to what it is believed to have been like when Sir George Grey owned the property.
Plants in and around Mansion House are a peculiar mixture of unusual exotic species as is some of the wildlife. Peacocks and North Island Weka are often seen on the lawns.
|2 House Bay||Picturesque Bay|
|Mansion House Bay||Popular and Historic anchorage|
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